Quick Answer: How Were Castles Attacked And Defended?

What are the 3 types of castles?

The three main types of castles are the motte and bailey castle, the stone keep castle, and the concentric castle..

Who were castles built for?

Medieval castles were built from the 11th century CE for rulers to demonstrate their wealth and power to the local populace, to provide a place of defence and safe retreat in the case of attack, defend strategically important sites like river crossings, passages through hills, mountains and frontiers, and as a place of …

Why did the Normans build castles?

After their victory at the Battle of Hastings, the Normans settled in England. They constructed castles all over the country in order to control their newly-won territory, and to pacify the Anglo-Saxon population. These early castles were mainly of motte and bailey type.

Why did castles stop being built?

Why did they stop building castles? Castles were great defences against the enemy. However, when gunpowder was invented the castles stopped being an effective form of defence. … The medieval castle with its high vertical walls was no longer the invincible fortification it had been.

How do you defend against a catapult?

you need defensive based troops to defend against catapults, never use siege to defend. With that amount you can just get your alliance to all send their heroes to reinforce you and they should be sufficient to repel the atttackers forces for now.

How did castles defend themselves?

The top of the castle walls were the battlements, a protective, tooth shaped parapet often with a wall walk behind it for the soldiers to stand on. The defenders could fire missiles through gaps (crenels). The raised sections between, called merlons, helped to shelter the defenders during an enemy attack.

How do Moats defend a castle?

A moat is a deep, broad ditch, either dry or filled with water, that is dug and surrounds a castle, fortification, building or town, historically to provide it with a preliminary line of defence. In some places moats evolved into more extensive water defences, including natural or artificial lakes, dams and sluices.

What are castles used for now?

Homes. Castles have been homes to royal families and Scottish clans for hundreds of years. Today, some castles still belong to these clans. As well as being a visitor attraction, Inveraray Castle is home to the Duke of Argyll and his family.

How do you break into a castle?

Direct Assault There are a number of ways of assaulting a castle: over the top of the walls using towers or ladders, under the walls using a mine, or through the walls using a battering ram, pickaxes or other tools.

What was the purpose of Motte and Bailey castles?

Motte and bailey castles were a form of castle structure that enabled the new Norman conquerors of England and Wales to secure areas of land quickly and cheaply. The Normans needed a castle design they could erect quickly to subdue the vanquished Britons.

How were Norman castles attacked and defended?

Fire. Fire was the best way to attack the early Motte and Bailey castles since they were made entirely of wood. The fire might be started by building a bonfire against the outer wooden fence (palisade) or, more usually, by archers shooting fire-arrows into the castle.

How did castles defend against catapults?

Arrows were fired from loop holes all around the castles walls, at low and high levels. Soldiers dropped rocks, boiling oil, hot sand, scolding water etc from murders holes around the castle. Soldiers fired projectiles such as rocks, diseased bodies, and human excrement from catapults.

How did Motte and Bailey castles defend?

A motte-and-bailey is a form of castle situated on a raised earthwork and surrounded by a ditch and protective fence. … The bailey was an outer enclosure, which was also defended by a fence and sometimes a ditch, providing a first, outer line of defence for the motte.

What was the Bailey used for in a castle?

A bailey is an enclosed courtyard, typically surrounded by a wooden palisade overlooked by the motte. It was used as a living area by vassals who served the lord of the castle, generally including a blacksmith, a miller and most of the necessary craftsmen of the age.

How castles were attacked?

Essentially there are three main ways of attacking a castle and, of course, the defenders knew this and so developed counter-measures to each. These were getting over the wall into the castle, going under the wall and battering a way through the wall to get inside.

What are 5 features of Norman castles?

Can’t findeverythingat your castle?So you’re ina Norman castle.The ‘Motte’ – the. mound where the castle was built. This hadsteep sides to make it tricky for the enemy to run up. … Curved, arched. doorways – arches were in fashion back then. Small, narrow. … Large, stone. building blocks. and thick walls. … It’s dark.More items…

What were the weaknesses of the Motte and Bailey castle?

The major weakness of the motte and bailey castle was the likelihood of the keep rotting or burning down. The solution was to build stone keeps but these could not always be built on the same site since the weight of the stone would sink into the motte.

What were most of the siege weapons made of?

Among the most common form of castle siege weapons were battering rams which could be made into various sizes and shapes. For instance, there were simple log battering rams, battering rams with flat heads, battering rams with iron or bronze heads, battering rams with actual ram’s style head, and others.

What were the advantages of stone castles?

Stone castles had a number of advantages over wooden motte and bailey structures: They could be built inside the walls of the motte and bailey castle, this meant that the castle was still operational whilst it was being rebuilt. Unlike a wooden castle the new stone keeps did not rot or go up in flames.

Where does the king stay in a castle?

A throne room or throne hall is the room, often rather a hall, in the official residence of the crown, either a palace or a fortified castle, where the throne of a senior figure (usually a monarch) is set up with elaborate pomp—usually raised, often with steps, and under a canopy, both of which are part of the original …

Did Kings live in castles?

During the late Middle Ages, from the 10th to the 16th centuries, kings and lords lived in castles. … The servants slept in the castle, too, but the farming peasants who grew food for the castle’s inhabitants lived in cottages on the lord’s estate, or manor.