- What does a Motte and Bailey castle look like?
- How did they build castles back in the day?
- What Stone are castles made of?
- Why did Normans build castles?
- What are the weaknesses of a Motte and Bailey castle?
- What is the oldest castle in England?
- What makes a Motte and Bailey castle strong?
- Why did castles lose their importance?
- How many motte and bailey castles were built?
- Why were Motte and Bailey castles difficult?
- How did a Motte and Bailey castle work?
- How were Motte and Bailey castles built?
- What was it like to live in a Motte and Bailey castle?
- How would you defend a Motte and Bailey castle?
- Why did the Motte and Bailey Castles change?
- What was the purpose of Motte and Bailey castles?
- What does the word Bailey mean?
- What does Motte and Bailey mean?
What does a Motte and Bailey castle look like?
Motte and bailey castles contained a large, circular mound, usually up to 5m high, on which stood a wooden tower or keep.
The mound was surrounded by a ditch and there would have been a bailey, or enclosed courtyard, attached..
How did they build castles back in the day?
Originally castles were made of wood and timber. Later they were replaced with stone to make them stronger. … After the Middle Ages castles weren’t built as much, especially as larger artillery and cannon were designed that could easily knock down their walls.
What Stone are castles made of?
Limestone, Sandstone, and Granite are still sourced and used today for modern buildings just as they were for the Medieval structures that still linger in the landscape today. settle, which might explain why many sandstone castles have needed reinforcement and constant upkeep over the centuries.
Why did Normans build castles?
After their victory at the Battle of Hastings, the Normans settled in England. They constructed castles all over the country in order to control their newly-won territory, and to pacify the Anglo-Saxon population. These early castles were mainly of motte and bailey type.
What are the weaknesses of a Motte and Bailey castle?
The major weakness of the motte and bailey castle was the likelihood of the keep rotting or burning down. The solution was to build stone keeps but these could not always be built on the same site since the weight of the stone would sink into the motte.
What is the oldest castle in England?
Copy the link belowWindsor Castle. Windsor Castle is the oldest occupied castle in the world, built around 1070. … Warwick Castle. Warwick Castle, built in 1068, is located in Warwickshire, England. ( … Rochester Castle. … Dover Castle. … Killyleagh Castle. … Edinburgh Castle. … Conwy Castle. … Eilean Donan Castle.More items…
What makes a Motte and Bailey castle strong?
The sides of the motte were very steep. It would have almost impossible to run up the sides of the motte, making it an excellence defence, A deep ditch was dug around the bottom of the motte for extra protection.
Why did castles lose their importance?
Towards the end of the Middle Ages, castles tended to lose their military significance due to the advent of powerful cannons and permanent artillery fortifications; as a result, castles became more important as residences and statements of power. … Comfortable homes were often fashioned within their fortified walls.
How many motte and bailey castles were built?
The Normans from France, introduced the Motte and Bailey castle to England, when they invaded the country in 1066. It is believed that as many as 1000 Motte and Bailey Castles were built in England by the Normans.
Why were Motte and Bailey castles difficult?
Castle builders added many defensive features to make their castles difficult to attack. Many castles were built on high ground with clear views of the surrounding land. … The walls of the castles were very high making it hard for attackers to climb over.
How did a Motte and Bailey castle work?
A motte-and-bailey castle is a fortification with a wooden or stone keep situated on a raised area of ground called a motte, accompanied by a walled courtyard, or bailey, surrounded by a protective ditch and palisade.
How were Motte and Bailey castles built?
The castles consisted of a wooden wall, perhaps built on an earth bank, encircling an open space or courtyard (bailey) and a natural or artificial hill (motte) which had a wooden tower built in the centre of its flattened top, sometimes surrounded by its own wooden palisade.
What was it like to live in a Motte and Bailey castle?
Life in the Tower would also be noisy, dirty, busy and smoky – there was little privacy for any of the inhabitants. Life in the Norman Motte and Bailey Castle was better for the Lord and his family than for anyone else. The Norman Lords and Knights who owned the castles tended to move around continuously.
How would you defend a Motte and Bailey castle?
Fire. Fire was the best way to attack the early Motte and Bailey castles since they were made entirely of wood. The fire might be started by building a bonfire against the outer wooden fence (palisade) or, more usually, by archers shooting fire-arrows into the castle.
Why did the Motte and Bailey Castles change?
The wooden defences of motte and bailey castles were replaced by walls and towers of stone. … Stone is more durable and resistant than wood and so it became the preferred building materials for castles. Stone castles were built taller and gave better protection against attack, fire and cold rainy weather.
What was the purpose of Motte and Bailey castles?
Motte and bailey castles were a form of castle structure that enabled the new Norman conquerors of England and Wales to secure areas of land quickly and cheaply. The Normans needed a castle design they could erect quickly to subdue the vanquished Britons.
What does the word Bailey mean?
(Entry 1 of 4) 1 : the outer wall of a castle or any of several walls surrounding the keep. 2 : a courtyard within the external wall or between two outer walls of a castle.
What does Motte and Bailey mean?
: a medieval Norman castle consisting of two connecting ditched stockaded mounds with the higher mound surmounted by the keep and the lower one containing barracks and other buildings.