What Is The Function Of Customary Court?

What is customary court?

: a court that was formerly a part of a court baron and that exercised jurisdiction over the transfer, surrender, admittance, incidents, and tenures of copyhold estates..

Who presides over customary court?

Chief JudgeFor example, in Lagos state, there is a Federal High Court, Lagos and a High Court of Lagos State (sometimes referred to as The Lagos State High Court). It is presided over by a Chief Judge who is assisted by other Judges. The Customary Court of Appeal of a state/FCT is the highest Customary law court in a state/FCT.

How many types of court do we have in Nigeria?

eight typesThere are eight types of courts in Nigeria and each of them performs specific functions. There is also a clear hierarchy existing amongst them; this article will teach all about it and even more. Every chamber of justice in Nigeria has recognized authority.

What are the main sources of Nigerian law?

The main sources of Nigerian law are: Nigerian Constitution. Legislation (Ordinances, Acts, laws, decrees, edicts and bye-laws). Received English law (common law, equitable doctrines and statutes of general application that were in force in England on 1 January 1900).

Why customary law is important?

Uncodified Customary Laws are also important because the ambit of such laws are much wider, the codified laws are binding upon only those who expressly consent to follow them, but the Customary Laws based on humanitarian grounds are binding upon everyone, and all laws must be made in keeping Customary Laws in mind.

Do judges make law in Nigeria?

Admittedly, by the provision of section 4 of the 1999 Constitution, the function of law-making is vested in the legislature, while that of judicial adjudication is conferred on the courts by section 6 of the 1999 Constitution. … However, we know that judges do more than just apply the law as it is.

What is the main purpose of the court?

Courts exist to do justice, to guarantee liberty, to enhance social order, to resolve disputes, to maintain the rule of law, to provide for equal protection to all regardless of background and to ensure the due process of law.

What is Nigeria area court?

Area Court exists in the Northern parts of Nigeria including the Federal Capital Territory Abuja. The jurisdiction of the Area Court includes the following: a) All questions of Islamic personal law b) Matrimonial causes and matters between persons, married under Customary Law.

What are the roles in court?

Key figures in a courtroom trial are the judge, a court reporter (in superior court), a clerk, and a bailiff. Other central people are the attorneys, the plaintiff, the defendant, witnesses, court interpreters, and jurors.

What is the most important part of the court process?

After many weeks or months of preparation, the prosecutor is ready for the most important part of his job: the trial. The trial is a structured process where the facts of a case are presented to a jury, and they decide if the defendant is guilty or not guilty of the charge offered.

Who is the head of a customary court?

The Chief Judge of the State, as part of his administrative and supervisory functions, creates the divisions which are called Customary Courts divisions.

What are the sources of customary law?

sources. These sources are legislation, precedent and traditional customs.